MANUSCRIPT - HOURS FOR ROME USE Bruges],...

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MANUSCRIPT - HOURS FOR ROME USE Bruges],...

MANUSCRIPT - HOURS FOR ROME USE
Bruges], n.d., (ca. 1430), in-18 (9 x 6 cm), Parchment, 132 ff. + II paper, 80 x 60 mm. with calendar justification 60 x 32 mm, 17 long lines, text justification 50 x 30 mm, 15 long lines, textura writing in brown ink, ff. 13, 22, 91v, 92, 113 white, havana morocco, ribbed spine decorated with cold hatched and boxed motifs and gold fleurons, fillet frame and cold garland on dishes with small gold fleurons in spandrel, large gold motif in the centre of the dishes, gold edges (Thompson).
Charming manuscript that can be attributed to the group of the Master of the Golden Scrolls.

The Master of the Golden Scrolls owes his name to the decoration of golden oaths which he adorns the backgrounds of his miniatures. In fact this name is erroneous because he is not the only illuminator who used his motifs, but it is a group of illuminators who can be traced back to Bruges between 1420 and 1450, and it is also possible that this style spread to other towns in Flanders. The style of the Master of the Golden Scrolls is manifested for the first time in manuscripts in which pre-Eyckian artists collaborated: a Missal of Genoa (New York, Pierpont Morgan Library M. 374) and a Prayer Book with low German texts (New York,
Pierpont Morgan Library M. 76) in collaboration with the Master of Beaufort. In this group faces, attitudes and gestures are often stereotyped. The artists of this group often refer to Parisian models for their compositions (I. Hans Collas, "Les Maîtres aux rinceaux d'or", Miniatures flamandes, cat. expo. Brussels, Bibliothèque royale, 30 Sept-30 Dec. 2011, Paris, BnF. 6 March- 10 June 2012, Paris- Brussels 2011, pp. 140-147).
This Book of Hours is distinguished by its very small format. Identical formats are used for prestigious recipients: the Hours of Jeanne d'Evreux illuminated by Jean Pucelle, the Très petites heures d'Anne de Bretagne illuminated by Jean d'Ypres and the Hours of Claude de France.

Text :

Ff. 1-12v Calendar February 6 ff. St. Amand and Vaast of Belgium, 25 March St. Almaberge of Ghent, 20 May St. Gertrude virgin, of Helfta, 14 June s. Blaise Bishop of Sebaste in red, 18 July s. Arnulphe, Bishop of Metz, September 1st s. Eloi Bishop of Noyon, 5 September s. Bertin Abbot of Saint-Omer, September 17 th. Lambert Bishop of Liège, 1 October ss. Rémi de Reims and Bavon de Gand in red, 14 October s. Donatien bishop of Rheims in red, 1 December s. Eloi bishop of Noyon in red, 14 December s. Nicaise bishop of Rheims in red.
Ff. 14-21v Hours of the Cross and of the Holy Spirit
Br. 23-29Missa Beauty Mary
Ref. 30-36vPericopes of the 4 Gospels
Ff. 37-89vIncipiunt hore beate Marie virginis secundum usum romanum
Ff. 90-91Salve regina
Ff. 93-112v Psalms of penance followed by the litanies with s. Erasmus of Formia, Saint Amalberg of Ghent, Saint Ursula of Cologne, Saint Martha
Ff. 114-132vOffice of the Dead for the use of Rome matins with 3 readings

Full page thumbnails :

F. 13vCrucifixion St. John supports the Virgin, a centurion is painted on the right side, gold scroll background.
F. 22vVirgin with Child, an angel adores the scene on the left side, vermiculated background.
F. 92vLast Judgement with the Virgin and St. John, small heads appear on the ground. This composition with its gold scroll bottom is characteristic of the group of the Master with gold scrolls.
F. 113vDeath Office in a church 3 clerics sing while a monk prays.

Borders around the miniatures and opposite with golden foliage and flowers. Pentecost and the Annunciation are probably missing. The miniatures are painted on tabbed sheets, so it is difficult to assess the gaps, but the beginning of the Hours of the Holy Spirit and the beginning of the Hours of the Virgin have a border, which suggests that there was a painting opposite.
Large vignette initials at the beginning of the main texts and champion initials in the rest of the manuscript.
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